CT Scan – Helped Save Life Of Rhino After Poachers

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“Just found this video & wanted to add it as part of the previous one!  Wildlife veterinary expert, Doctor William Fowlds, from the Kariega Game Reserve contacted Witmer Lab at Ohio University, for help in treating Themba & Thindi. They were able to do a CT of a rhino head, which gave Dr Fowlds the knowledge & understanding of the complex underlying bone, nasal tissue & nerves which he needed to treat the rhino. Unfortunately Themba passed away from a leg injury related to the night of the poaching in March. But with the knowledge from the CT scan, Dr Fowlds managed to save the life of Thindi who continues to thrive in the expert care of the team at Kariega Game Reserve.” 


Published on 31 May 2012 by 

South Africa is home to more than 80 percent of Africa’s remaining rhinoceroses, most of which live in national parks and reserves.

But even in these protected areas, hundreds of rhinos are killed each year by poachers responding to a skyrocketing demand for rhino horn, which is used in Asian traditional medicine.

Often, poachers sever the horns while the animals are still alive. Poachers attacked three rhinos at the Kariega Game Reserve in March 2012. One rhino died of his injuries shortly after.

The two surviving rhinos suffered serious damage to their sinus cavities where the horns were removed. A veterinarian working with the reserve contacted WitmerLab at Ohio University, where researchers use high-tech imaging and digital modeling to study the morphology of vertebrate heads.

The researchers scanned a 120-kilogram white rhino head from their storage facility and used the images to create a detailed model of the nasal passages of an adult white rhino, which helped the reserve treat the severely injured animals.

This latest Bio Bulletin from the American Museum of Natural History‘s Science Bulletins program is on display in the Hall of Biodiversity until July 6, 2012. 

Science Bulletins is a production of the National Center for Science Literacy, Education, and Technology (NCSLET), part of the Department of Education at the American Museum of Natural History. Find out more about Science Bulletins at http://www.amnh.org/sciencebulletins/.

Related Links

WitmerLab at Ohio University

Kariega Game Reserve: Save the Rhino

South Africa National Parks: Statistics for Poaching

OU professor, students answer call for help from South Africa

IUCN Red List of Threatened SpeciesCeratotherium simum

World Wildlife Foundation: African Rhino Poaching Crisis




Poachers kill four rhinos in G’town reserve

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FOUR rhinos were found lying side by side  in the veld near Grahamstown yesterday  with their horns cut off. 

KILLING FIELDS: Police investigators conduct tests on the four rhinos that were found in the veld with their horns cut off near Grahamstown yesterday Picture: DAVID MACGREGOR

An early morning drive at Lalibela Game Reserve turned to a horror show for a group  of tourists and their guide when they came  across three rhinos lying dead and a fourth  “kicking and frothing from the nasal cavity” as it clung to life – a mere 500m from the  busy N2.

There was initial suspicion that a nearby  watering hole may have been poisoned,  however later yesterday it was confirmed  the animals had in fact been darted.

A team of at least 20 police, Green Scorpions and conservationists yesterday took  blood from the dead rhino and water samples from eight nearby dams on the 7500  hectare reserve to determine if the watering  holes had been poisoned, which could have  posed a risk to the other Big Five game on  the property.

Devastated Lalibela head ranger Kelly  Pote said the way the rhinos were found lying side by side in the bush was very  strange.

Pote described a heart-wrenching phone  call to majority shareholder Rick van Zyl  and Eastern Cape Nature Conservation to  get consent to put the suffering eight-year- old female out of her misery. “It was very  upsetting for the whole team of rangers.”

Although 388 rhinos have been poached in  South Africa this year the Eastern Cape has  up until now got off relatively lightly – with only three other rhinos poached in one  incident at nearby Kariega Game Reserve  several months ago.

The latest incident brings the number of  rhino poached in the Eastern Cape this year to seven – with just one rhino, Thandi,  surviving the ordeal.

Lalibela marketing manager Susan Pattison-Wait said poachers braved lions and other wild animals to get to the rhino.

Reserve shareholder Vernon Wait said  the lure of money had led to sophisticated  poaching syndicates taking amazing risks to get their hands on rhino horns, which sold  for huge prices on the black market in the  Far East. He said senior provincial police  had vowed to allocate massive resources  and staff to try and solve the case.

Sunshine Coast rhino campaigner Jo Wilmot, who raised thousands of rands at World Rhino Day over the weekend to fight poaching, said she was shocked when she  heard the news.

The poachers are believed to have accessed the property from the nearby N2  during the night and speculation is they used sophisticated night vision equipment to prevent detection as they worked under  the cloak of darkness. —  david@livewire.co.za

News Link:http://www.dispatch.co.za/poachers-kill-four-rhinos-in-gtown-reserve/

From Kariega Game Reserve Face Book

During the course of the day, the professionals who conducted the investigation managed to piece together what occurred at Lalibela Game Reserve last night.

Poachers entered Lalibela, probably in the early hours of the morning, and darted and tranquilized the 4 rhino. The rhino grouped together in a typically protective formation and collapsed under the effects of the tranquilizer.

Most likely, whilst still alive, they were all de-horned by the poachers using saws. 3 of the 4 rhinos were dead when they were discovered at 08:30 this morning. The 4th, a pregnant cow, was still alive but barely so.

We communicated this to the Dept. of Environmental Affairs and were given the go-ahead to euthanize the cow. Our head ranger, Kelly Pote, was given the unpleasant task of putting the cow out of her painful misery. The loss of these 4 rhinos is a devastating blow for rhino conservation.

Those are the facts but they do not, in any way, express the absolute sense of loss, devastation and outrage felt by the staff at Lalibela, by our past guests, by our friends and colleagues in the conservation industry, and by the public at large.

We are so grateful for the deluge of messages of support received during the day from all over the world. We are mindful that the loss of 4 of our rhino today constitutes only 1% of the total number of rhino poached in South Africa this year.

As custodians of these creatures, we appeal to you to tell whoever you can about the plight of the rhino and to do whatever you can to stop the carnage.

We apologise if this photograph offends you – but this is the reality of what occured.


A tribute to Dr Fowlds and Themba

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” This is along post, but worthy of the space & hopefully of the your time taken to read it. The Kariega Foundation –  The harsh reality of poaching & the suffering felt; not just by the animal but of those that try their hardest to save them.  This was one brave little Rhino who tried in vain, to stay with the hero’s who came to his aid.  A very sad loss!”

The Kariega Foundation has launched a special fund dedicated solely to Thandi and Themba in an effort to give them the best possible care and chance for survival.

On Friday the 2nd of March 2012 one cow and two bull rhino’s were poached at Kariega. Tragically, one bull was fatally wounded and died during the course of the night, whilst the remaining two were severely injured, but miraculously survived and are fighting for their lives. Wildlife veterinary expert, Doctor William Fowlds has been working tirelessly with the Kariega team to give these survivors the best possible care and chance for recovery. If both rhino’s are to be fully rehabilitated, it will be a long process (at least 2 months of intensive intervention and care).

The bravery of these animals has been unbelievable, and inspired our rangers to nickname them Thandiswa and Themba, two beautiful Xhosa names meaning courage and hope.

Caring for Thandi and Themba

We have been asked by many people and organisations about how they can help to save Thandi and Themba and rhino generally. In response to this overwhelming support, and in an effort to give our rhinos the absolute best care and chance possible the Kariega Foundation has created a special fund dedicated solely for the care and rehabilitation of these rhino. We will in any event do whatever is necessary and advised by Dr Fowlds, but any contributions will be greatly appreciated. It is estimated that their full treatment and rehabilitation over the next few months (if they are to recover) could exceed R250 000.

While Kariega’s current priority lies in caring for Thandi and Themba and providing them with the best possible care, we realise that their suffering is part of the much broader issue of rhino poaching – an issue which we cannot fight alone. Kariega actively supports the Forever Wild rhino campaign of the Wilderness Foundation and the Rhino Project of the Endangered Wildlife Trust. Both are incredible organisations which have our full trust and support in all their commendable endeavours toward saving the rhino. Any funds collected by the Kariega Foundation for Thandi and Themba which are in excess of their care and rehabilitation, will be paid over to these organisations in a bid to protect rhino everywhere, and save the species from extinction

Via:- Caring for Thandi and Themba

We, Kariega Game Reserve, are releasing this footage in an effort to spread the utter heartache felt by all the Kariega team, and as a tribute to Dr William Fowlds and all of our team that had to endure this!

We are so grateful to all out there that have supported us !
We are indebted to PAUL MILLS the videographer that filmed these images. This is what he wrote after filming this!

This footage is courtesy of Paul Mills

“The saddest news is that Themba, the male Rhino from Kariega died this morning. We went to see him yesterday and he seemed to be holding on, and his blood test results from Tuesday seemed to indicate that he was in some way winning the fight. But observation of his condition meant that we went to see him yesterday, unsure whether or not he should be euthanized. Will decided to assess his behaviour, and for his efforts was chased on few occasions. Because he demonstrated such spunky behaviour, he had a treatment and we left him.

The last time I saw him alive, he was standing in this beautiful landscape, with the sun shining.
In order to relieve the pain from his leg, he went into the watering hole, as he has done in the past. Sadly, he just didn’t have the strength to pull himself out of the water and apparently drowned. The people at Kariega are in shock, I am in shock.

We were all crying, I am crying now writing this. For me he was a personal symbol of the ability to fight against all odds. Yesterday I wrote on the update video that my hope was that he would be a success story. The update video was about to go out this morning when I got the call from Will. I know that Will Fowlds is particularly affected by this turn of events. He was weeping aloud while talking to me about this. Ironically the name Themba means hope”.

Letter From Dr. Fowlds about Themba’s passing

“Themba’s passing has been desperately tragic and I know that everyone at Kariega is hurting badly having been so intimately involved in his personal struggle to survive. Having deliberated so much about putting him to sleep the day before, his inability to get himself out of the waterhole was a clear indication that he had grown too weak to manage even the simple things he was used to doing.

As I said on day 23 the benefit of hindsight would be the judge of my decisions and now that all information has been revealed, I have to concede that I made the wrong call two days ago. This is my burden, and mine alone.

From the start of this campaign to save these animals we have been determined to ensure that whatever the outcome, I would consult with as many people as possible, give whatever treatment we thought was necessary and ensure that whatever we learned from Themba and Thandi would be used to improve the chances of future survivors. To be true to this promise, under very difficult circumstances, I conducted a post mortem on him with the aid of some of the Kariega team who have been close to him.

What I found hidden under his thick protective skin, has extended my admiration for him even further. The evidence of that first night of assault and what his body endured as he lay there, weakened by pain, loss of blood and the poacher’s drugs, was astounding. It could never be ascertained how long he has been in that position against his left side with his back leg under the weight of his body, so we never knew the exact extent of his injuries. Our normal options to x-ray or scan his body, as we would a smaller animal or pet, simply were not available to us given the size of him. We did our best to use conventional tests on bloods cells and serum to try and get an indication of the extent and progress of conditions not visible from the outside. But the harsh truth of it all, is that Themba’s injuries we far more extensive and far more severe than any of these indicators were able to tell us.

Not only was his bad leg severely damaged by the absence of life giving blood on that first night, he also had extensive damage to the muscles down the left side of his rib cage (intercostals) as well as muscle damage into his left front leg (pectoral muscle groups). The fact that he was able to move as well as he did in the front part of his body is a testimony to the resilience of this rhino. What the post mortem has revealed is that he would never have regained adequate use of his leg and in my mind, with this information now at hand, I now know that his passing was a blessing.

We buried him where he lay and as the ground proudly accepted him back, he took with him the tension that had become a part of that beautiful valley for the past 24 days.

This ordeal he has endured, set in motion by the senseless greed of men who know nothing of their suffering and probably don’t care, this fight which has revealed to us a will to survive beyond our previous comprehension, this tragedy which has captured the hearts of so many; what will his story teach us? What will Themba’s legacy be?

Does that will to survive not tell us the story of his ancestors, who survived when hundreds of thousands of others didn’t? Does his ability to hide such extensive injuries not tell us of a species who have been through the worst of what man and nature could throw at them and made it? Is his story not entwined with other stories that tell of the good side of man, which show that when we do care enough, we do have the ability to bring species like this back from the brink? Themba fought with such bravery to overcome that which the poachers stole from him. Kariega stood with him and gave him the best chance that they could offer him. Many others poured their time and assistance in helping us be the best we could be for him, and still we failed. Still I failed.

The past day’s events have taken me to the lowest point of my battle to help save a species. I know many others feel the same. What we do now is the true test of our resolve to overcome the evil that threatens to overwhelm the worlds remaining rhino. Our ability to act, to actually do something to make a difference, will be the measure of who we are.

On Day 14 I wrote, “Themba and Thandi, surrounded by all we value in nature, live on as icons of animal suffering and the determination to survive. They stand guard at the gate, one strong and one weak, that will lead to the demise of thousands more species because of our apathy. They are adopted, as champions of a cause which goes far beyond “Saving the Rhino” because if we don’t save the Rhino, who move us to this extent, what hope do we have of saving the rest.”

Even though Themba’s life is ended, he has moved us and his legacy lives on. From now on we focus all our treatment efforts on Thandi, even more determined to keep searching for ways to do better for rhino than what we currently can. The legacy of Themba, and all he has taught us, remains at the gate, with Thandi, reminding us of our shortcomings, motivating us to do more, so much more. My promise to him was that I will do everything that I possibly can to make every single day that he suffered count.

I gave two talks to schools today one at Kingwood College and one at St Andrews Prep. Over 600 school children who face the very real possibility of their adult lives devoid of rhino. These young lives are hungry to help save this species and what a powerful force they could be. After the second talk the boys of St Andrews Prep placed out almost 900 crosses along the side of the busy road which passes the school. Each cross representing a rhino killed by poachers since the beginning of 2010. Themba who has carried the heaviest of crosses, is represented there with so many others in the killing fields, a symbol of our shame, an icon of their struggle, an ambassador with the freedom to take their story around the world…with your help.

Via:- Letter from Dr William Fowlds

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