INDORE: Sita, the white tigress at Kamala Nehru Park, has been forced to live in solitude by the authorities concerned for the past three years even as she has the legal right to have a partner. Though the zoo officials claimed to have launched a search to get a partner for her, the fact is that keeping the tigress without a partner for three years is illegal.

As per Section 38H of the Wildlife (protection) Act 1972, no animalcan be kept alone in a zoo without a partner for more than one year without valid reasons.


“Every zoo shall endeavour to avoid keeping single animals of non-viable sex ratios of any species. They shall cooperate in pooling such animals into genetically, demographically and socially viable groups at zoos identified for the purpose”, according to Central Zoo authority‘s general policies for zoo across the country. Even the rule book says that every zoo shall keep the animals in viable social groups. No animal will be kept without a mate for a period exceeding one year unless there is a legitimate reason. In the event of a zoo failing to find a mate for an animal, the animal shall be shifted to some other place.

Animal activist Ajay Gadikar told TOI, “Captivated animals in the zoo should not be kept in solitary condition from their mates, not that it is illegal but also it is very depressing for the invertebrates. If there are some animals in the zoo which are living solo, then zoo authorities should take measures. The zoo should be interlinked with other zoo and keep a check whether they have animals to pair with or it can be shifted to someplace. Even Ralamandal authorities keep rescuing animals. So the zoo authorities can ask them to shift the animals to pair them with the zoo animals.”

These animals have been made to live as singletons for the past two to three years. The tigress has been living alone for three years whereas a female jackal and male monkey have been living in isolation for the past one year.

According to the zoo authorities, they have been taking steps to provide mates to the solo animals. “We are doing our best to solve this problem. As monkey and jackal are in surplus around here, we can get them. For the tigress, we have fetched a male white tiger from Bhilai zoo

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